Cmd commands under Windows

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This article lists the most important cmd commands under Windows.

Microsoft Software at Thomas-Krenn

cmd command Description
Basics:
call calls a batch file from another one
cd change directory
cls clear screen
cmd start command prompt
color change console color
date show/set date
dir list directory content
echo text output
exit exits the command prompt or a batch file
find find files
hostname display host name
pause pauses the execution of a batch file and shows a message
runas start a program as another user
shutdown shutdown the computer
sort sort the screen output
start start an own window to execute a program or command
taskkill terminate a process or a application
tasklist display applications and related tasks
time display/edit the system time
timeout wait any time
title set title for prompt
ver display operating system version
w32tm setting time synchronisation/time server/time zone
Network:
ftp transfer files to a FTP server
ftype display file type and mapping
getmac display MAC address
ipconfig display IP network settings
netsh configure/control/display network components
netstat display TCP/IP connections and status
nslookup query the DNS
pathping test the connection to a specific IP address
ping pings the network
route display network routing table, add static routes
systeminfo displays computer-specific properties and configurations
telnet establish Telnet connection
tftp transfer files to a TFTP server
tracert trace routes similar to patchping
Files:
attrib display file attributes
comp compare file contents
compact display/change file compression
copy / xcopy copy files
diskcomp compare content of two floppy disks
diskcopy copy floppy disc to another one
erase / del delete one or more files
expand extract files
fc copare files and display the differences
mkdir create a new directory
move move/rename files
rename rename files
replace replace files
rmdir / rd delete directory
tree display folder structure graphically
type display content of text files
Media:
chkdsk check volumes
chkntfs display/change volume check at startup
defrag defragment media
diskpart volume management
driverquery display installed devices and their properties
format format volumes
label change volume name
mode configure interfaces/devices
mountvol assign/delete drive mountpoints
verify monitoring whether volumes are written correctly
vol show volume description and serial numbers of the HDDs
Miscellaneous:
for for loop
gpresult display group policies
gpupdate update group policies
perfmon start performance monitor
prompt change command prompt
reg add/read/import/export registry entries

Author: Armin Oberneder

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